More than a hundred contributors have created the first indigenous-led guidelines on how to best strengthen and share indigenous knowledge in land and sea management.

The Our Knowledge Our Way in caring for Country – Best Practice Guidelines from Australian experiences is based on 23 case studies from across Australia, from the Torres Strait to Tasmania.

indigenous knowledge

Tasmanian Aboriginal dancer Jarrod Hughes, Mannalargenna Day 2019. Image courtesy MJ Anders.

The North Australian Indigenous Land and Sea Management Alliance Ltd (NAILSMA), CSIRO, and the Australian Committee for IUCN facilitated the guidelines as part of NESP Northern Australia Environmental Resources Hub research that is supporting traditional owners by enabling the sharing of their knowledge the ‘right way’ in land and sea management and environmental research.

“These guidelines better value and strengthen indigenous knowledge holders and the systems that need to be in place to protect traditional knowledge, in a platform that can be readily accessed by the researchers and the broader community,” said Ricky Archer, CEO of NAILSMA and Djungan man from the Western Tablelands of north Queensland. “One of the best examples that mixes cultural knowledge systems and Western knowledge frameworks is savanna burning projects, a cultural burning practice that’s been put through an academic framework to measure things like carbon.”

Through the indigenous-led guidelines, the authors share what is seen as best practice when working with indigenous knowledge in land and sea management, research and enterprise development.

The guidelines highlight how indigenous knowledge is kept strong through access to country and indigenous cultural governance of knowledge. The key guiding principle is that indigenous people must decide what is best practice in working with their own knowledge.

The guidelines cut across four themes: strengthening indigenous knowledge; strong partnerships; sharing and weaving knowledge; and indigenous land and sea networks.

“We need to take the time to listen and show respect for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples’ knowledge, culture and country, and be led by their knowledge,” said Dr Emma Woodward, research scientist at Australia’s national science agency CSIRO. “We have much to learn from indigenous peoples and so much more to achieve by working together.”

Executive member of the Australian Committee for IUCN and IUCN Regional Councillor Peter Cochran said: “The Committee’s support for this publication reflects our acknowledgement and respect for Australia’s long and rich history of land and sea management by indigenous peoples, and their deep knowledge and expertise about a vast and changing continent.”

The guidelines identify ways that partners can support good knowledge practice, for example, through strong partnership agreements, support for cultural governance arrangements, and protocols.

“Indigenous knowledge is so important to fixing some of the issues that we see in in modern Australia. We know this Country, we speak this Country, we sing this Country, we dance it, and it’s a key part of who we are. And in their relationship with Country, Indigenous people are best placed to give advice because having that value of Country and water and the knowledge that comes with that – and the laws that protect that – is key to the way we fix the problem.”

— Brad Moggridge, Lead Author – Chapter 4.

The case study ‘Yanama budyari gumada: walking with good spirit at Yarramundi’, western Sydney shows how partnerships work where there is trust founded on mutual respect. The Darug custodians explain how they are facilitating important connections with other people who connect with Yarramundi, helping them to ‘sign-in’ to country. They show visitors how to crush up white ochre and blow it out of their mouths to put a hand-print on the casuarina trees.

The indigenous-majority project Steering Group hope the guidelines prove useful to assist sharing and learning between indigenous land and sea managers, to educate current and future partners, and to realise good outcomes for people and country.

The guidelines will be launched at an online event on 30 July at 1pm AEST. The guidelines and a film showcasing the work can be found at

The guideline development was funded under the Australian government’s National Environmental Science Program.

Featured image: Clint Bracknell, Roma Winmar, Iris Woods recording Noongar story Point Ann, WA. Image courtesy Amy Budrikis, Wirlomin Noongar Language and Stories.