Tasmanian Times


Georgina vs Goliath

“If the government isn’t going to tell people the facts, then, with all the scientific evidence I have amassed over the last nine years, I would be acting completely irresponsibly if I didn’t. I am planning to make a documentary and write a book. Both will be about how far one person has had to go to get the government to do what it should have been doing in the first place – protecting the health of its own citizens.”

(http://www.resurgence.org/magazine/article3092.html) )

Georgina vs Goliath

As anti-pesticides campaigner Georgina Downs prepares to take her case to the European Court of Human Rights, Rachel Fleming asks what, after nine long years, still motivates her and just how far she will go to change British agricultural policy.

In November 2008, Georgina Downs won a landmark High Court action against the UK government over its failure to protect rural residents against exposure to harmful pesticides. It was the first known legal case of its kind to directly challenge UK pesticide policy and agricultural practice.

With the media dubbing the case and the campaign ‘Georgina versus Goliath’
, the High Court ruling was subsequently overturned in a controversial Appeal Court decision last year.

Many people, deciding the fight had become too long and too hard, might well have given up at this point, but not Georgina, who is now preparing to take her campaign to protect the public from the health impacts of agricultural chemicals to the European Court of Human Rights.

So why is she still fighting? What is driving her on?

“Well, I’d prefer not to be fighting the government,” she replies, “but I ’ve come so far in the last nine years in my campaign to fight for people who are being poisoned by the UK policy on pesticides that I have to exhaust all legal options open to me.”

Georgina has direct experience of pesticide poisoning, and it was her own health issues that initially triggered the campaign. In the early 1980s, her parents moved to the Sussex countryside specifically to raise their family in what they thought would be a healthy environment. They designed and built their house on a piece of land bordering farmland which was initially used for grazing but later converted to arable crops that were regularly sprayed with pesticides.

“We were never warned about the dangers of the chemicals being used,”
explains Georgina, “and so, from the age of eleven, I would regularly be out in the garden when crop-spraying was taking place, with the tractor passing only a few feet away from me.”

Georgina began to suffer chronic health problems including headaches,
dizziness and tinnitus. These became so bad that by the age of eighteen she was admitted to hospital with severe muscle wastage and other neurological problems. After tests ruled out a range of diseases such as Parkinson’s, multiple sclerosis and motor neurone disease, it was Georgina herself who finally realised the cause of the problem. “I was looking out the window from home one day and the penny finally dropped,” she says.

“I saw a tractor in the adjoining field spraying something and started to wonder what it was. I made some enquiries and was astonished to discover they were spraying a cocktail of poisonous chemicals into the air where we live and breathe. I was even more astonished to find out that a farmer is permitted to do so under existing government policy.”

As a result of her own investigations, Georgina’s doctors confirmed her condition as neurological damage caused by exposure to pesticides, and the

medical details, which included blood and fat tissue samples, all containing high pesticide levels, were incorporated into the body of evidence in her campaign.

“When I first started going to meetings to find out more about the
regulatory system for pesticides, I realised that no-one was representing my position as a rural resident being subjected to a high level of pesticide exposure,” she recalls. “So I decided that I would have to try and change the government’s policy on pesticides myself. Naively, I thought that it would take me about a year. Nine years on, it still takes up all of my time.”

From the start, Georgina’s campaign has been about changing government policy to protect people in the countryside who live, work or go to school near crop-sprayed fields. Since she began, she has received the support of many rural residents across the UK who report chronic illnesses – including cancers, neurological conditions, asthmas and allergies – that they too are convinced are a result of living or working next to sprayed crops. “ Doctors and medical people aren’t trained to ask about chemical exposure, so they’
re usually not going to know about what is causing these illnesses,”
Georgina explains.

Georgina’s campaign wants the government’s pesticide policy to be changed

in three clearly identified ways: a ban on any crop-spraying near to houses and schools; prior warning of any crop-spraying activity by farmers to local residents; and a legal requirement that residents be told what pesticides are being used, and when.

Her main argument is that the current method of assessing risks to the public is based on the model of a ‘bystander’ – an individual who is exposed briefly to a spray-cloud at the time of an application. It does not cover the scenario of residents who are repeatedly exposed to mixtures of pesticides throughout the year and over long periods of time.

“The fact that there is no risk assessment for long-term exposure of those

who live, work or go to school near pesticide-sprayed fields is astonishing, ” says Georgina, “particularly considering that crop-spraying has been a dominant feature of agriculture for over fifty years. The government has conditions of use for protection of animals, wildlife and the environment, but nothing for the protection of residents and communities.”

Despite meetings with government ministers, officials and advisers as far back as 2002, and despite their promises to act on her evidence, it wasn’t until 2008 that Georgina’s argument had any official recognition thanks to th e historic High Court ruling in her favour. In that hearing, her evidence, which included medical information about herself and others across the country, as well as data on flawed safety assessments generated by the government itself, was found to be irrefutable on the case put forward, including on human rights.

The High Court judge, Mr Justice Collins, stated that, in her case against

UK pesticide policy, Georgina had produced “cogent arguments and evidence to indicate that the approach does not adequately protect residents”, and “ solid evidence that residents have suffered harm to their health”. He concluded that Defra “must take steps to produce an adequate assessment of the risks to residents”.

“I thought, at last. Now the government will have to change its pesticide policy,” says Georgina. “I thought there would be no way for them not to change it, given that the evidence was unarguable.”

But eight months later, the High Court judgment was overturned by the Court

of Appeal, which ruled that the detailed evidence Georgina had amassed over nine years could not be used against the government because she had “ no formal scientific or medical qualifications”. Instead, her original case and witness statements were substituted with the conclusions of a government-funded report published four years earlier.

“The Court of Appeal judgment was bizarre and inaccurate,” says Georgina,

whose next stop, now that the Supreme Court has ruled out any further UK appeal, is the European Court of Human Rights.

“The High Court judge was very clear that the government had been acting unlawfully in its policy and approach to crop-spraying and that an appeal had no real chance of success. This was based on the evidence I provided. But the appeal judgment was not based on the evidence I provided. It was based on the evidence of a third party – which meant that it was no longer even a case of Georgina Downs versus Defra. It was clear to me right from the beginning of the appeal hearing that the High Court judgment was going to be overturned.”

In fact, despite winning the appeal, Defra has pledged to change its
pesticide policy and has just completed a public consultation process which it publicly acknowledged was a direct result of Georgina’s case. So, in some ways, and regardless of any ultimate legal outcome, she may have won after all.

“The court case was only one small way in which I tried to force the
government to act,” she says. “If pesticide policy is eventually changed as a result then the outcome of the legal case will not be as critical. But in the meantime, I will exhaust all the legal options open to me, and if the European Court were to rule that there has been a breach of human rights then it would help people all around the world who are in the same position as I am.”

At the age of thirty-six, Georgina still suffers from her original symptoms

and has other health problems, including osteoporosis with a high risk of fracture. Her father, who has also been badly affected over years of living so close to farmland, now wears a respirator, goggles and other protective clothing in his own garden when the neighbouring farmers are crop-spraying.

“The problem I have been up against in this campaign is that there is huge

financial and political pressure for the government to maintain the status quo on this issue,” explains Georgina.

And she’s right that there is currently a clear and bizarre mismatch
between the government’s long-standing failure to protect people from passive exposure to pesticides, and its approach in other comparable policy areas such as smoking in public places, asbestos and straw burning, all of which have ended in a ban for the protection of public health.

The fact is that pesticides are big business. Sales of pesticides in the UK

alone are in the region of £490 million every year, and according to one report, the value of the world pesticide industry grew a staggering 29% to
US$52 billion in 2008. The government regulators receive approximately £7 million a year from the industry to grant pesticide approvals, so any change in the system is going to dramatically affect that revenue stream.

“The government is well aware of the financial implications, plus the fact

that a ruling in my favour would have opened the floodgates to compensation claims from other individuals who have similarly suffered adverse effects from exposure to crop sprays,” adds Georgina.

She admits it has now become her life’s work to get agricultural policy changed, but she knows that the only way to ultimately protect public health is to prevent exposure to pesticides altogether and that this will only be achieved through sustainable, non-chemical farming.

“There is so much lobbying from the pesticide industry asserting that food

production will decrease without these chemicals, but there’s no evidence in this country to prove that,” she says.

I wonder, as we come to the end of the interview and Georgina starts to explain the enormous workload she now faces in preparing for the European Court, whether it has all been worth it.

Her response is categorical.

“Considering how many people know about the health risks from crop-spraying

as a result of the campaign, it has definitely been worth it. Members of the public have a right to the information they need to make informed and

knowledgeable decisions to protect their health and that of their family.

“If the government isn’t going to tell people the facts, then, with all the scientific evidence I have amassed over the last nine years, I would be acting completely irresponsibly if I didn’t. I am planning to make a documentary and write a book. Both will be about how far one person has had to go to get the government to do what it should have been doing in the first place – protecting the health of its own citizens.”

_www.pesticidescampaign.co.uk_ (_http://www.pesticidescampaign.co.uk_
(http://www.pesticidescampaign.co.uk) )

Rachel Fleming is editor of The Source.
via Dr Alison Bleaney

Author Credits: [show_post_categories parent="no" parentcategory="writers" show = "category" hyperlink="yes"]


  1. Russell

    May 2, 2010 at 9:22 pm

    Re #11
    Hear hear.

  2. crf

    May 2, 2010 at 12:47 pm

    #9, Barnaby, the Meander council did not pass ammendments to the PAL Act (#9). Even if I adopt Tom’s suggestion (#8) and drop the word “Act”, given Tom knows I am right and that Barnaby keeps getting it wrong (why not tell Barnaby directly that he’s wrong, Tom), and just call it PAL, it doesn’t alter the fact that local government does not ammend State Policies. Barnaby just keeps on getting it wrong. France is welcome to him!

  3. Gerry Mander

    May 2, 2010 at 12:02 pm

    #7. Strange, that, seeing that the Meander Valley Council unanimously passed a series of amendments to the PAL Act during their last sitting in April!

    Oh well, you can now have the field to yourself now as today I am off to France where toxic chemicals are banned and they have learned to appreciate and conserve their forests.

    I have had a long battle on the behalf of the environment in the time that I have lived in Tasmania, with a fair amount of success considering that I one of a few against Goliath. The term ‘Gunnerment’ can be attributed to me and I was the prime mover in organising the attack on the ANZ to stop them investing in Gunns pulpmill. I have also supported many activists in their fight against the forestry behemoth, with both encouragement and finance and have hopefully, through this site and others, raised the awareness of the terrible destruction of our precious landscape by the likes of Gunns, the MIS Companies, Forestry and our complicit government. During my time I have petitioned the Federal Ministers, the Governor and even Prince Charles as titular head of the Crown Land. However, now at the age of 74 I have decided that enough is enough, and I am retiring to a less stressful life in France where I can pursue my other more fulfilling cultural activities of writing, painting and photography without the constant impingement of forestry issues and log trucks.

    Tasmania, I wish you well and may your perseverence and small slings and arrows finally kill the Goliath that dominates the life here. I hope NEVER to see that a pulp mill is to be erected and I hope sincerely that some day those in charge may come to their senses and try to conserve and preserve the remnants of those wonderful assets that they have been endowed with and that future generations may still be left with something to behold and marvel at.

    It is with a great degree of sadness that I leave but I cannot allow the destruction I daily witness to impinge further on my chosen path.

    Thanks for everything.

    Barnaby Drake

    aka Gerry Mander

  4. Tom Torquemada

    May 2, 2010 at 11:49 am

    Why don’t we just drop the ‘Act’ and refer to it simply as PAL.
    Does Gerry’s comments make sense now CRF?

  5. crf

    May 2, 2010 at 2:01 am

    There is no such thing as a PAL Act (#6). How many times do we have to tell you. The non-existent Act requires no such thing because … well, because it doesn’t exist.

  6. Gerry Mander

    May 1, 2010 at 10:22 pm

    It is interesting to note that the PAL Act and its amendments requires anyone who requires to develop a property must leave a 300 meter buffer zone on their own land between themselves and any adjoining plantation. This is to allow for spray drift from aerial spraying operations. However, there is no such requirement on the part of a plantation owner to leave such a buffer zone, and he is allowed to plant and spray up to his borders.

    The fact that a buffer zone is required at all must be a tacit acknowledgement that the spray itself is considered toxic and this is the calculated area most likely to be affected by this drift.

    Good thinking on the part of forestry and the government! I believe David Llewellyn was responsible for that, and everybody knows, he is personally immune to the effects of Atrazine.

  7. Alison Bleaney

    May 1, 2010 at 4:56 pm

    Shane- we all need to agree on the pesticides used in Tasmania. Let’s take forestry.
    APVMA, DPIW (TRCWQI), DHHS, Local Councils, SIRU, forestry companies and people next to plantations are all providing different lists of pesticides used (APVMA’s list was far more extensive than the list you have provided).
    So let’s start with the list of those actually used, and those that can be used.
    And then read the open letter to the Tasmanian Premier re pesticides and health – April 09 on Tasmanian Times


    – and the article on pesticides in forestry in Tasmania (FOE), and then we could perhaps have dialogue.

  8. Shane Weatherall

    May 1, 2010 at 3:15 pm

    Alison. Perhaps the collective unacceptable pesticides need to be identified, with justifications. Triazines and triazones are on the list, I am not sure about alpha-cypermethrin. I would assume that Roundup, brushoff, verdict, lontrel are fine. Amitrole I think not, Oust perhaps but it does seem to ‘move’. Thats about the sum total of pesticides used on forestry in Tasmania. Not too scary really, but the agriculture and horticulture side is another matter. HAve you made a list of ‘unacceptables’ there? Remember to take into account that, just as with medicine, a chemical free world in ag and forestry is not an option.

  9. Dave Groves

    May 1, 2010 at 10:28 am

    Looking after health, to the detriment of making money, is just not on in the forest industry.

    Be it by contaminating our water or air, or our precious soil, the forest industry is a rambling dinosaur.

    Good news is though, that by its outmoded operations and retarded paradigms, that treat the planet and its people with contempt, they would never survive without massive inputs of public money….and that is a source that is on borrowed time.

    As FT loses money hand over fist, and the big players in the forest industry are collapsing one after another, contractors go by the wayside, union officials and vested interest groups bleat green conspiracy, even the biggest woodchipper in Australia, is falling to bits, with local employment going by the wayside, to make way for the only thing that is in the fore of this company’s business plan…..a rag eared proposal for a pulp mill espousing outdated technology, in a heavily populated valley location, and set to consume more timber than is available, in a market in decline…..but still it remains its sole focus.

    Perhaps those who reckon that all is well with FT and the industry in general, would like to invest heavily in a log truck, perhaps a chipper or two, even sell their assets to buy shares….after all, it is going to be a boom industry, is it not???

  10. Alison Bleaney

    May 1, 2010 at 2:28 am

    And now we need to work on 1) keeping the pesticides out of the water catchments and away from by-standers – by all pesticde users
    and 2) stop the use of the persistent, the most harmful pesticides and those with immunotoxic and endocrine disrupting effects.
    Sounds great – when do we start?

  11. Shane Weatherall

    May 1, 2010 at 12:13 am


    At least the good news is that we have forestry doing in Tasmania almost exactly what Georgina has requested – notification of neighbours and mandatory and quite substantial buffers near schools and houses, it’s now just a matter of ensuring that the pesticides to be used are detailed in the neighbour notification letters (which most companies, if not all, already do).

    Perhaps the TFGA needs to take note and implement a similar policy. It may pay to talk to the forest industry to work out how they manage their system.

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